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Did you see the Part I of this lecture?

Cognitive strategies focus on retraining the way a patient thinks. Many quitters panic because they are thinking about tobacco after they quit, and this leads to relapse. Thinking about cigarettes (or other forms of tobacco) is normal. The trick is not to dwell on the thought. As tobacco users move toward sustained abstinence, they learn to recognize that thinking about a cigarette doesn’t mean they need to have one.

Some examples of cognitive strategies include the following:
Review of one’s commitment to quitting can help, including reminding oneself that cravings and temptations are temporary and will pass. Sometimes it helps a patient to announce, either silently or out loud, “I want to be a nonsmoker, and the temptation will pass.” Or each morning, to look in the mirror and say, “I am proud that I made it through another day without tobacco!”
Deliberate, distractive thinking can help the patient move current thought processes to issues other than craving or temptation to use tobacco.
Positive self-talks, or “pep-talks,” involve saying things such as, “I can do this,” or reminding oneself of previous difficult situations in which tobacco use was avoided successfully.
Relaxation through imagery helps the patient to center the mind on positive, relaxing thoughts. This can help to ease the anxiety, stress, and negative moods that may trigger tobacco use.
Mental rehearsal and visualization involves envisioning situations that might arise and how best to handle them. This method is commonly used by athletes prior to a game. For example, a goalie might envision (or enact, during pregame warmups) how to block different types of shots or plays from opposing players. In the case of smoking, a person might envision what would happen if he or she were offered a cigarette by a friend—he or she would mentally craft and rehearse a response and perhaps even practice it by saying it out loud.

Slide is used with permission, Rx for Change: Clinician-Assisted Tobacco Cessation. Copyright © 1999-2007 The Regents of the University of California, University of Southern California, and Western University of Health Sciences. All rights reserved.