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Although studies on the association between vitamin D and type 1 diabetes have given promising results, it is clear that more research, including intervention studies, is needed to establish if occurrence of type 1 diabetes may be reduced by increasing vitamin D intake.

However, it is interesting that currently there is no consensus on the definition of vitamin D deficiency nor for the optimum range of serum values. As vitamin D is known to affect immune function in humans, inadequate intake could affect the development of many other diseases in addition to those of autoimmune origin.

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