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Foundation of the Mouseion and the Library
The first Ptolemaic kings were determined to establish Egypt as the preeminent kingdom of their time. Alexandria became the center for science, arts, literature and philosophy. It was the policy of the Ptolemies to bring writers, poets, artists, and scientists to Alexandria from all over the ancient world to enrich the two unprecedented institutions: the
Mouseion and the Library. The Mouseion, or shrine for the Muses (Museum in Latin) was the first scientific institute and the greatest university in ancient times. The Library was the first universal library.