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The Motivational Framework for Culturally Responsive Teaching respects different individual cultures and works at the same time to create a common culture in the learning situation that all adults can accept. This framework includes four motivational conditions that the instructor and the learners collaboratively create or enhance:

Establishing inclusion: Creating a learning atmosphere in which learners and instructors feel respected by and connected to one another

Developing attitude: Creating a favorable disposition toward the learning experience through personal relevance and choice

Enhancing meaning: Creating challenging, thoughtful learning experiences that include learners’ perspectives and values

Engendering competence: Creating an understanding that learners are effective in learning something they value


These motivational conditions work in concert. They occur together in the moment as well as over a period of time. Educators need to plan to establish and coordinate the conditions. A good place to begin is by being clear about the purpose of the class. (Wlodkowski, R. J. Enhancing Adult Motivation to Learn: A Comprehensive Guide for Teaching All Adults. (rev. ed.) San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999).