INDEX OF ABBREVIATIONS

(v) = virus

Ab           antibody

AEI         acetylethylene-imine

Ag           antigen

AGDP     agar gel diffusion precipitation

AHS(V)  African horse sickness

ALV       avian leucosis virus

ASF(V)  African swine fever

 BD(V)   border disease

BHK       baby hamster kidney

BHMV    bovine herpes mammillitis virus

BHV        bovine herpes virus

BL(V)      bovine leucosis virus

BSE         bovine spongiform encephalopathy

BPL         beta propiolactone

BPV         bovine papilloma virus

BuDR       bromodeoxyuridine

BT            bovine testis

BT(V)       blue tongue virus

BVD(V)    bovine viral diarrohoea

CAM        chorioallantoic membrane

CAV         canine adenovirus

CDV         canine distemper

CF(T)        complement fixation (test)

CIE            counter immuno electrophoresis

CNS          central nervous system

CP(V)       canine parvovirus

CPE          cytopathic effect

CVL         Central Veterinary Laboratory, at Weybridge, Surrey

 ds            double stranded

DNA       deoxyribonucleic acid

DVH       duck viral hepatitis

DVO       divisional vet.officer

EBL         enzootic bovine leucosis

EBV        Epstein-Barr virus

EDS        egg drop syndrome

EEE(V)   eastern equine encephalomyelitis

EEI         ethylethylene-imine

EHV       equine herpes virus

EIA(V)   equine infectious anaemia

ELISA    enzyme linked immuno absorbent assay

F             fusion

FCV       feline calicivirus

FeLV       feline leukaemia virus

FIP           feline infectious peritonitis

FMD(V)   foot and mouth disease

FP            fowl plague

FVR        feline viral rhinotracheitis

H            haemagglutinin

HA(U)    haemagglutination (units)

HEV       haemagglutinating encephalitis virus

HI           haemagglutination inhibition

HSV       herpes simplex virus

HVT       herpesvirus of turkeys

IAH        Institute for Animal Health (Biological and biotechnology research council core-funded institutes
              which also get much MAFF funding , eg Pirbright for exotic viruses, Compton for endemic viruses and bacteria,
              Moredun for infectious neurological disease-eg TSE and louping ill )

i.b.          inclusion body

IB(V)     infectious bronchitis

IBDV     infectious bursal disease virus

IBR(V)   infectious bovine rhinotracheitis

i.c.          intra cerebral or intracytoplasmic

ICH        infectious canine hepatitis

ID           immunodiffusion

(I)IF       (indirect) immunofluorescence

IFN        interferon

IHNV     infectious haemorrhagic necrosis virus

(I)IP       (indirect) immunoperoxidase

ILT(V)    infectious laryngotracheitis

i.n.          intranasal

i.p.          intraperitoneal

IPNV     infectious pancreatic necrosis virus

Iscom     immuno stimulating complex

IUDr      idoxuridine, thymidine ,antiviral

IPMA     immunoperoxidase monolayer assay

LN          lymph node

LPD         lympho proliferative disease

LSD         lumpy skin disease

Mab, mAb   monoclonal antibody

MCF(V)   malignant catarrhal fever virus

MD(V)     mucosal disease or  Marekís disease

MHC       major histocompatibility complex

MHV       mouse hepatitis virus

MK         monkey kidney

N            neuraminidase

NA          nucleic acid

NDV       Newcastle disease virus

NI           neuraminidase inhibition

NK         natural killer

NP          nucleoprotein

PCMV   porcine cytomegalovirus

PI           parainfluenza

PK        pig kidney

pme       post mortem examination

PMN     polymorphic nuclear cell

PPV      porcine parvovirus

PRRS    porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome

PSV      pseudorabies

RE        reticuloendothelial or restriction endonuclease

REV     reticuloendotheliosis virus

RIA      radioimmunoassay

RNA      ribonucleic acid

RSV         respiratory syncytial virus orRous sarcoma virus

SF(V)       swine fever

SMEDI    still birth, mummification, embryonic death, Infertility

SPF          specific pathogen free

SVD(V)  swine vesicular disease

ss           single stranded

SV40    simian virus 40

TCID 50      tissue culture infectious dose (50% thereof)

TGE      transmissible gastroenteritis

TK        thymidine kinase

TSE       transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

VEE      Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis

VE(V)    vesicular exanthema

VIC       Veterinary investigation Centre

VLA      Veterinary laboratories agency, (CVL and VICís)

VM(V)  visna-maedi

VN       virus neutralization

VP        viral protein

VSV     vesicular stomatitis virus

WEE    western equine encephalomyelitis

WI       Wistar institute