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Malik and colleagues demonstrated that the cardiometabolic risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome increase the CVD mortality rate. Relative to an individual with no metabolic syndrome risk factors, having 1 to 2 risk factors increased a patientís hazard ratio by more than 70%. Persons with metabolic syndrome (having =3 of the 5 risk factors) were found to have a hazard ratio of 2.71. The ratio increased with the onset of type 2 diabetes, CVD, and was greatest in persons with existing CVD and T2DM.