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In another study, Damm et al (1994), followed women with previous GDM and non-diabetic controls for the purpose of ascertaining their diabetes status. This slide shows that among women with previous GDM, a significant lower percent had a normal glucose tolerance test at follow-up compared with women without previous GDM (p<0.01). In addition women with previous GDM had an higher percent of OGTT results compatible with the diagnosis of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) that women without previous GDM. None of the control women developed diabetes during follow-up in contrast to almost 11% of women with previous GDM who developed type 2 diabetes and an additional 4.3% who were diagnosed as type 1 diabetic.