||The integration of
epidemiologic studies with those of other disciplines such as engineering,
architecture, the social sciences and other medical sciences is essential
for improved understanding of injuries following earthquakes (138).
Better epidemiologic knowledge of risk factors for death and the type of
injuries and illnesses caused by earthquakes is clearly an essential
requirement for determining what relief supplies, equipment, and personnel
are needed to respond effectively to earthquakes.
communities' self-reliance in disaster preparedness is the most fruitful way
to improve the effectiveness of relief operations. In disaster-prone areas,
training and education in basic first aid and rescue methods should be an
integral part of any community preparedness program. Unfortunately, because
of the relatively long time periods between major earthquakes, the public
health community faces a special challenge in effectively communicating the
hazards posed by potential earthquakes and the necessity to plan and take
action before an earthquake occurs.
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