||Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
includes primarily coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, hypertensive heart disease and
heart failure. Atherosclerosis is the underlying disease process for the major forms of
cardiovascular disease, particularly stroke and coronary heart disease. This disease
process, which typically begins in childhood, manifests itself in middle age or later (3).
Although the incidence of atherosclerosis increases markedly with age, it is not an
inevitable consequence of aging (3).