__Lectures: Tuesday and Thursday
at 9:30 to 10:45 am in Langley (library) A298 (note room change).__

__Laboratory: either Tuesday or Wednesday
at 1:00 to 2:50 pm in 102 Clapp Hall.__

__I will also conduct my office hours
on Thursday at 1:00 to 2:50 pm in 102 Clapp Hall. You are welcome to consult
me concerning slides at this time.__

**Note:** All schedules, notes, etc.
relevant to course are available at my web page: pitt.edu/~sshostak/. Follow
links to Histology syllabus, eponyms, lab assignments, lecture notes &
sample exams. The lecture notes and laboratory assignments, can be accessed
by double clicking them on the appropriate pages. The histology slide collections
are also available at this site.

**INTRODUCTION**

Histology is one of the most useful courses you will take in the bio department. It brings together a lot of the information you have already acquired about cells and organs, and it points you in the fascinating direction of development and differentiation. In fact, histology is the core subject in the study of function, macroscopic and microscopic anatomy, and cell and molecular biology. What is more, contemporary medical researcher is utterly dependent on histology.

Briefly, your objective in studying histology is to identify mammalian tissues quickly, accurately. You should also know the general and specific features of tissues and organs. The problem with the course is memorizing many details in a short period of time. Former students have told me that this course put them far ahead in their histology courses in medical school, but these students also acknowledge the pain of learning so much so quickly. I will help you learn as much as possible, but you will have to do the real work: MEMORIZE, MEMORIZE, and MEMORIZE!

Two books are assigned to the course; one more or less for the lecture, the other for the lab:

1) Junqueira, L. C. and J. Carneiro,
*Basic Histology*, tenth edition. Norwalk: Appleton & Lang; 2002.

2) Eroschenko, V. P., *di Fiore's
Atlas of Histology with Functional Correlations*, ninth edition. Philadelphia:
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.

Past students felt that the course
needed a textbook and chose an earlier edition of *Basic Histology*
as their number one choice. The new edition is an improvement—if more expensive—and
comes with 250 illustrations on CD. Lecture assignments are made from the
text, while the CD should help considerably with the lab.

Past students also found the *Atlas
of Histology with Functional Correlations* more helpful than other atlases.
I hope you will share their enthusiasm. Be sure to bring the
*Atlas* to lab, since it
will be your chief guide for identifying tissues and cells.

Typically, histology courses, including this one, are divided into two parts: general histology (the structure and function of tissues) and special histology (the structure and function of organs). For the purpose of distributing the work fairly, the second part is divided into two units. An hour exam will come at the end of general histology, and another hour exam will come between the two units of special histology. The final, at the end of the term will be comprehensive but will emphasize the second unit of special histology. Students may exempt the final depending on their numerical grades at that point in the course.

Attendance
at lectures is required (and will be taken) and an additional 10 points will
be awarded as a bonus for those with perfect attendance. Others will receive
points for attendance on a pro rata basis. Furthermore, participation in
the ** April 21 clean up lab & reorganize slides** session is
compulsory.

Because this is a lecture-laboratory course, final grades will combine the results of the two hour exams or one hour exam and the final exam, and three laboratory practical exams for a total of five 20 point exams. The hour exams will be given during class time, the practicals during lab time, and the final during the finals' period. The hour exams and final will require you to write short essays. Thus, students can accumulate as much as 110 points for perfect scores on two hour exams, three practicals and perfect attendance, but final grades will be calculated on the basis 100 points: A: equal to or greater than 90%; B: equal to or greater than 80% but less than 90%; C: equal to or greater than 70% but less than 80%; D: equal to or greater than 60% but less than 70%; F: equal to or less than 59%.

**Schedule of Lectures and Exams**
(click lectures to get notes via my web site)

Please e-mail me with additions and
corrections: sshostak@pitt.edu

last revised: 02-03-05