department of slavic
UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH
It is the responsibility of all degree students to consult each term with the graduate adviser concerning courses to be taken during the following term, and to review current progress toward the degree. While effort will be made to accommodate student interests and preferences, the graduate adviser has the authority to exercise judgment as to course load and selection. Only the graduate adviser is authorized to sign registration forms. The chair will not sign registration forms when the student has failed to consult with the graduate advisers during the regular advising period.
Independent Study courses of various sorts, and with various credit loads, are regularly included among Department course listings. The purpose of such automatic listings is in part for clerical convenience and is not to be construed as a blanket right to take an independent-study course in a given term. In principle, students will be advised to take regular department offerings unless these clearly coincide with courses already taken. This principle holds regardless of the status of the student concerned.
The opportunity to take Independent Study courses is usually extended to advanced (normally, Ph.D.) students with special needs and interests not met by departmental offerings. Occasionally a student who, through no fault of his or her own, has been unable to take a course required for a degree may petition to take such a course through Independent Study. Otherwise, Independent Sudy is not offered in subject areas regularly taught by the Department. In order to obtain approval for an Independent Study course, a student must present to the graduate adviser a) sufficient rationale; b) a statement from the faculty member who has agreed to undertake and supervise the Independent Study.
A faculty member agreeing to undertake supervision of Independent Study should, as a minimum, provide a list of readings or agree to supervise progress through a student-provided list. Except for dissertation research, the Independent Study course should typically result in a graded research paper of significant length or in a graded comprehensive examination.
An exception may be made when the student has satisfied all course and credit requirements (at least 60 credits) for the comprehensive examinations and wishes to enroll for 3 credits toward preparing for examinations scheduled in the same term. In such a case, the student registers for 3 credits of Independent Study with the examination chair, and receives a grade for the course (Credit/Audit) according to whether or not the examinations are passed.
Students may not undertake study under the rubric Dissertation Research until they have been formally advanced to candidacy.
1. Transfer credit from another institution will be allowed for no more than 12 credits total toward the M.A., and an additional 6 toward the Ph.D.
2. In certain cases (for example, when the credits are old or from an institution with which the department is not familiar), the matter of transfer credit is decided only after the first semester of work or by examination.
3. M.A. transfers from other institutions may be required to take the Departmental M.A. examinations, should their training prove inadequate for doctoral-level work. Until such time as these examinations are successfully passed, the student will be considered to be on provisional status in the Ph.D. program. What constitutes "inadequate training" is to be decided by Deparmental committee.
4. Credits earned in five-year Russian or East European programs will not be counted toward graduate credit unless a) a particularly strong case is made by the candidate; b) the departmental M.A. examinations are passed within one year of study, in which case the credit provisions of point 1 apply, i.e., a maximum of 12 credits toward the M.A. and 6 credits toward the Ph.D. will be allowed, justified on a course-by-course basis.
5. Students desiring to spend an academic semester abroad in pre-approved programs may have credit from such programs applied at the rate of no more than 9 credits per term of study. Typically, such study is undertaken to establish a second area or to improve language ability. Students whose fulfillment of specific course requirements is made more difficult by participation in approved study-abroad programs may apply to the graduate committee for a waiver of requirement, to be considered on a case-by-case basis.
Teaching assistantships and fellowships, and other Department awards, are made on the basis of academic merit and teaching effectiveness, as determined by the graduate studies committee. Those wishing to be considered should submit a request to that effect, in writing, to the chair by February 15. The following general policies are in effect.
Once awarded at any given fraction, whether full or part-time, a teaching assistantship will not usually be changed either up or down.
Students maintaining less than a B+ average in department courses are subject to having their TA-ship placed in the yearly pool for open competition. Students who maintain at least a B+ average and have satisfactory teaching evaluations will usually be continued in a following year, up to the limit of support.
Students earning less than a straight B average in the department in a given term are not eligible for TA-ship renewal, and risk losing the TA-ship at the end of the current term.
For graduate students entering as M.A. candidates, the usual tenure is three years. For graduate students entering as Ph.D. candidates, the usual tenure is two years. In exceptional cases, financial support by the department may be extended by one year.
Teaching assistantships are usually not awarded unless a student needs course credits toward a degree, and they are not usually awarded in excess of needed credit support.
For a teaching assistantship to be renewed, a student is expected to be making normal progress toward the degree appropriate to the given level of support. Normal progress means: a) taking at least 9 credits counting toward the degree in any given term; b) taking the M.A. exams within two years, and the Ph.D. within two years beyond the M.A. For half-time assistants, this means taking at least 6 credits in any given term.
Incompletes in courses that bring a TA below the 9-credit minimum must be made up before the beginning of a subsequent academic year, or the teaching assistantship will be forfeited.
Teaching assistantships are awarded according to an overall strategy of providing support to as many qualified graduate students as possible, including incoming students. Any graduate fellowships under the specific control of the department (currently, the Elagin Fellowship) are awarded as part of this overall strategy: i.e., they are considered interchangeable with teaching assistantships and carry the same time limitations. When calculating time limitations on departmental support, the Department historically has taken into account outside fellowship support as well, but there is no established policy on this matter.
Graduate students will, as part of their Ph.D. program, pass two batteries of examinations: the Comprehensive Examination and the Ph.D. Qualifying Examination. They shall be taken in this order and in conformity with the time line given below.
The Comprehensive Examination will be a closed, typed examination given in take-home format. The exams shall be typed in English. The questions will address the following three discrete historical periods:
The Comprehensive Examination will be based on the Departmental MA Reading List, available at http://www.pitt.edu/~slavic/department/ma_rl.pdf.
The Ph.D. Qualifying Examination will consist of typed and oral segments. The typed examination will be administered in take-home format and completed within two weeks. All sources used in the composition of answers will be documented according to the standards of scholarly writing in the field. The exams shall be typed in English. The typed questions will be organized to address three discrete areas of specialization, formulated individually for each student within the following parameters:
Candidates are expected to demonstrate mastery of the appropriate body of theory relevant to each area.
The typed examinations will be followed by an oral examination, to be administered by the candidate's examination committee and all members of the Slavic department graduate faculty who wish to participate. The oral examination will be scheduled to follow the typed examinations in as timely a fashion as possible.
Qualifying Examinations: Candidate and Committee Responsibilities
Graduate Examinations and "Satisfactory Progress"
General Note: all correspondence and documentation pertaining to a student's dissertation will be kept in a special dissertation file, attached to the student's graduate file, so that advisers and committee members may have ready access to pertinent information.
A. The Topic
1. Students should begin thinking about possible dissertation topics long before taking their Ph.D. comprehensives. The topic should be in an area in which the student is already reasonably well grounded.
2. Before requesting faculty members to become dissertation advisers and committee members, students should conduct a preliminary investigation of their topic to verify that their choice is a) feasible and b) not previously investigated.
B. The Adviser and Committee
1. The selection of the dissertation adviser should be practical; it is to the student's advantage to work with a professor conversant with the given subject. Conversely, the faculty member should not agree to be dissertation adviser unless s/he considers him/herself competent to guide dissertation work in the given area and on the given topic, and unless s/he considers the dissertator to be sufficiently knowledgeable in the given area to write a competent dissertation. The responsibilities are considerable, and this role should not be undertaken without careful consideration.
2. Once a student makes a choice of a topic, s/he should type up a brief one-page preliminary description of the project and present it to the proposed adviser.
3. If the adviser accepts the role and agrees that the topic is sound, the student, with the help of the adviser, should request a minimum of two other departmental professors and one professor outside the department to form the dissertation committee, The requests should be made formally, in writing, and should include a brief description of the proposed topic. Faculty members will respond to the request in writing.
C. The Prospectus or Overview
1. The student should submit to all four (or more) committee members a dissertation prospectus consisting of a) statement of thesis, b) tentative chapter outline, c) bibliography.
2. Committee members will provide timely written response to the prospectus, after which the student should set a date for the prospectus overview.
3. At the overview, the student will be asked questions about a) the tenability of the thesis, b) the methodology to be employed in the dissertation, and c) the sources with which the dissertator plans to work.
4. Committee members are to resolve major disagreements regarding topic and methods at the stage of the overview, before advancing the student to full candidacy.
D. Writing the Dissertation
1. If the student passes the overview, s/he should immediately embark on further research and begin writing the first draft. All dissertations, including drafts, must be written in competent English. No exceptions will be allowed. Although faculty members will advise on matters of style, substandard English prose will be returned to the student for further work. If a student feels s/he has persistent problems with writing, s/he should consult with the Writing Workshop, Department of English.
2. Students should submit drafts to committee members one chapter at a time.
3. Faculty members will a) promptly return to the student each chapter with comments, suggestions, and corrections, and b) submit a short summary of their evaluation to the adviser. If committee members are in strong disagreement, the adviser should convene a meeting of the committee members to discuss the conflict, so that, ideally, the student is not put in the position of responding to contradictory advice.
4. Once the dissertator has revised the draft in line with the committee's recommendations, s/he should type up the final draft of the dissertation, give a copy to each committee member, and suggest a tentative date for the dissertation defense.
E. The Defense
1. The date of the defense must allow the committee at least one month in which to read the final draft. If the committee believes that the dissertation needs further work, the defense should be postponed. If one or more members of the committee are of the opinion that the dissertation is not ready for a defense, the adviser should try to work out the disagreement before the defense or, in cases where it is not possible to work out the disagreement in advance, inform the candidate of the disagreement. It is ultimately the choice of the candidate whether to go ahead with the defense in opposition to the opinion of one or more members of the committee.
2. All departmental students and faculty are encouraged to attend the defense and should feel free to ask the dissertator questions related to the dissertation.
3. Two Report-of-Examination-for-Doctoral-Degree cards should be submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies in connection with each dissertation. One card relates to the dissertation itself, the other to the oral defense. In cases where there is ultimate lack of unanimity among the committee members as to whether the dissertation is acceptable or whether the orals have been passed, this is so indicated on the card and the matter is referred to the Dean of Graduate Studies for resolution.
4. It is possible to pass the candidate at the oral defense without signing the dissertation card. This is the appropriate action when the committee member feels that the defense has been passed and the dissertation is in principle acceptable, provided certain changes are made which the committee member would like to see before passing the dissertation. Signing the dissertation card indicates that the committee member both approves the dissertation and is confident that certain minor changes can be made without further checking of the pertinent pages.
5. Whatever revisions the committee deems necessary for the candidate's successful completion of the degree should be made within one month of the defense. Only when all necessary changes have been made in the final copy of the dissertation will the dissertation card be submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies.
As a body of scholars in the humanities, department faculty recognize an obligation to define and exemplify high standards of professional conduct, and to uphold these standards in department courses, examinations, and dissertations.
Each student should become familiar with the University Handbook on Academic Integrity. Breaches of academic integrity will be dealt with severely and may be considered grounds for termination from the graduate program. Such breaches include the following:
It is everyone's responsibility to bring observed violations of academic integrity to the immediate attention of the faculty person in charge, whether openly or in confidence. In serious cases, a graduate-faculty committee will be convened in order to examine the matter and to recommend as to consequences. Departmental recommendations, as all administrative actions, are subject to University provisions relating to administrative adjudication and appeal.
Plagiarism, like most forms of academic-integrity violations, consists in relying on the work of another without giving due acknowledgment to it. Any of the following acts constitutes plagiarism:
One should be aware that laxity of scholarly method often results in the appearance of plagiarism, difficult to distinguish from plagiarism itself. In order to avoid misunderstanding, it is essential that one be fully conversant with the mechanics of scholarly citation and reference pertinent to a given discipline. A standard guide is the MLA Handbook.
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