On the Epistemology of the Inexact Sciences. Santa Monica, CA (RAND Corporation) 1960; RAND Research Monograph R353. Co-authored with Olaf Helmer.




Al-Farabi:  An Annotated BibliographyPittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1962.




Al-Farabi’s Short Commentary on Aristotle’s “Prior Analytics.”  Translated from the Arabic, with Introduction and Notes.  Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1963.

Studies in the History of Arabic Logic.
  Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1963.




Al-Kindi:  An Annotated BibliographyPittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1964. 

The Development of Arabic Logic.
  Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1964. 

Hypothetical Reasoning.
  Amsterdam (North-Holland Publishing Co.; “Studies in Logic” series edited by L.E.J. Brouwer, E.W. Beth and A. Heyting.), 1964.

An Introduction to Logic.
  New York (St. Martin’s Press), 1964.




The Refutation by Alexander of Aphrodisias of Galen’s Treatise on The First MoverKarachi (Publications of the Central Institute of Islamic Research), 1965.  Co-authored with Michael E. Marmura.




Distributive JusticeNew York (Bobbs Merrill Company), 1966. Reissued in 1982 by the University Press of America (Washington, D.C.).

Galen and the Syllogism:  An Examination of the Claim that Galen
Originated the Fourt Figure of the SyllogismPittsburgh University of Pittsburgh Press), 1966.

The Logic of Commands.
  London (Routledge & Kegan Paul), 1966.




Temporal Modalities in Arabic Logic.  Dordrecht (Reidel), 1967; Supplementary Series of Foundations of Language.

The Philosophy of Leibniz.
  Englewood Cliffs (Prentice Hall), 1967.

Studies in Arabic Philosophy.
  Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1967.




Topics in Philosophical Logic.  Dordrecht (Reidel), 1968; Synthese Library.




Essays in Philosophical Analysis:  Historical and Systematic. Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1969.  Reissued in 1982 by the University Press of America (Washington, D.C.)

Introduction to Value Theory.
  Englewood Cliffs (Prentice Hall), 1969.  Reissued in 1982 by the University Press of America (Washington, D.C.).

Many-Valued Logic.
  New York (McGraw-Hill), 1969.  Reprinted:  Aldershot (Gregg Revivals), 1993.




Scientific Explanation.  New York (The Free Press), 1970.


Temporal Logic
New York and Vienna (Springer-Verlag), 1971.  Co-authored with Alastair Urquhart. <> 


Welfare:  The Social Issues in Philosophical Perspective
  Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1972.




The Coherence Theory of Truth.  Oxford (The Clarendon Press/Oxford University Press), 1973.  Reissued in 1982 by the University Press of America (Washington, D.C.).

Conceptual Idealism.
  Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1973.  Reissued in 1982 by the University Press of America (Washington, D.C.).

The Primacy of Practice.
  Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1973.  Translated into Spanish as La Primacia de la práctica, Madrid (Editorial Tecnos), 1980.




Studies in Modality.  Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1974.  (American Philosophical Quarterly, Monograph Series.)




A Theory of Possibility.  Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1975.  Co-published in the USA by the University of Pittsburgh Press.

Unselfishness:  The Role of the Vicarious Affects in Moral
Philosophy and Social TheoryPittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1975.




Plausible Reasoning.  Amsterdam (Van Gorcum), 1976.




Dialectics:  A Controversy-Oriented Approach to the Theory of KnowledgeAlbany (State University of New York Press), 1977.  Translated into Japanese as Taiwa No Roni Tokyo:  Kinokuniya Press, 1981.

Methodological Pragmatism.  Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1977.  Co-published in the USA by the New York University Press.




Peirce’s Philosophy of ScienceNotre Dame (University of Notre Dame Press), 1978.

Scientific Progress:  A Philosophical Essay on the Economics of Research in Natural Science
Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1978.  Co-published in the USA by the University of Pittsburgh Press.  Translated into German as Wissenschaftlicher Fortschritt (Berlin:  De Gruyter Verlag, 1982).  Translated into French as Le Progrès Scientifique (Paris:  Presses Universitaries de France, 1993).




Cognitive Systematization.  Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1979.  Co-published in the USA by Rowman & Littlefield.  Translated into Spanish as Sistematización cognoscitiva (Mexico City:  Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 1981).

Leibniz:  An Introduction to His Philosophy
Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1979; APQ Library of Philosophy.  Co-published in the USA by Rowman & Littlefield.  Reprinted in 1986 by the University Press of America (Lanham, MD).  Reprinted in 1993 by Gregg Revivals (Aldershot, UK).

The Logic of Inconsistency:  A Study in Nonstandard Possible-World
Semantics and OntologyOxford (Basil Blackwell), 1979; APQ Library of Philosophy.  Co-authored with Robert Brandom.  Published in the USA by Rowman & Littlefield (Totowa, NJ; 1979).




Induction.  Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1980.  Co-published in the USA by the University of Pittsburgh Press.  Translated into German as Induktion (Munich:  Philosophia Verlag, 1986).

  Oxford (Basil Blackwell), 1980.  Co-published in the USA by Rowman & Littlefield.

Unpopular Essays on Technological Progress.
  Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1980.




Leibniz’s Metaphysics of Nature:  A Group of EssaysDordrecht and Boston (Reidel), 1981.




Empirical Inquiry.  Totowa, N.J. (Rowan & Littlefield), 1982.  Co-published in Great Britain by Athlone Press (London, 1982).




Kant’s Theory of Knowledge and Reality:  A Group of EssaysWashington, D.C.  (University Press of America), 1983.

Mid-Journey:  An Unfinished Autobiography
Lanham MD (University Press of America) 1983.

Risk:  A Philosophical Introduction to the Theory of Risk Evaluation and ManagementWashington, D.C.  (University Press of America), 1983.




The Limits of Science.  Berkeley and Los Angeles (University of California Press), 1984.  Translated into German as Grenzen der Wissenschaft.  Dietzingen:  Reclam Verlag, 1985.  Translated into Spanish as Las Limites de la Sciencia (Madrid:  Editorial Tecnos, 1994).  Translated into Italian as I Limita della Sciencia (Rome:  Armando Editore, 1990).  Second (revised and enlarged) edition (Pittsburgh:  Unviersity of Pittsburgh Press, 1999).

The Riddle of Existence:  An Essay in Idealistic Metaphysics
. Washington, D.C.  (University Press of America), 1984.




Pascal’s Wager:  An Essay on Practical Reasoning in Philosophical TheologyNotre Dame (University of Notre Dame Press), 1985.

The Strife of Systems:  An Essay on the Grounds and Implications of
Philosophical DiversityPittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1985.  Translated into Italian as La Lotti dei Sistemi (Genoa:  Marietti, 1993); into German as Der Streit der Systeme (WürzburgKönigshausen und Neumann, 1997); into Spanish (in progress).




Ongoing Journey:  An Autobiographical EssayLanham MD (University Press of America) 1986.




Ethical Idealism:  A Study of the Import of IdealsBerkeley, Los Angeles and London (University of California Press), 1987.

Forbidden Knowledge and Other Essays on the Philosophy of Cognition
Dordrecht (Reidel Publishing Co.), 1987.  (Episteme Series, No.13).

Scientific Realism:  A Critical Reappraisal
Dordrecht (Reidel Publishing Co.), 1987.




Rationality.  Oxford (Clarendon Press), 1988.  Translated into German as Rationalität (WuerzburgKoenigshausen & Neumann, 1993); into Spanish as La Racionalidad (Madrid:  Editorial Tecnos, 1993); into Italian as Razionalità (Rome:  Armando Editore, 1999).




Cognitive Economy: Economic Perspectives in the Theory of KnowledgePittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1989.

Moral Absolutes:  An Essay on the Nature and the Rationale of MoralityNew York (Peter Lang Publishing Co.), l989.

A Useful Inheritance
Evolutionary Epistemology in Philosophical PerspectiveSavage, MD (Rowman and Littlefield), 1989.  Translated into German as Warum sind wir nicht klüger (Stuttgart:  Hirzel Verlag, 1994).




Human Interests:  Reflections on Philosophical AnthropologyStanford (Stanford University Press), 1990.




Baffling Phenomena and Other Studies in the Philosophy of Knowledge and Valuation.  Savage, MD (Rowman and Littlefield), 1991.

Frank Plumpton Ramsey:  On Truth, ed. by Nicholas Rescher and Ulrich Majer (DordrechtKluwer, 1991).

Human Knowledge in Idealistic Perspective
Princeton (Princeton University Press), 1991.

Leibniz’s Monadology:  An Edition for StudentsPittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1991.  Co-published in the United Kingdom by Routledge (London).




The Validity of Values:  Human Values in Pragmatic PerspectivePrinceton (Princeton University Press), 1992.




Pluralism:  Against the Demand for ConsensusOxford  (Clarendon Press), 1993.

Standardism:  An Empirical Approach to Philosophical Methodology
Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 1993.  Reissued in paperback, 2000.




American Philosophy Today, and Other Philosophical Studies.  Savage, MD (Rowman & Littlefield), 1994.

Animal Conversations:  A Collection of Fables
Verona PA (NAP Publications), 1994.

Metaphilosophical Inquiries.
  Princeton (Princeton University Press), 1994.




Essays in the History of Philosophy.  Aldershot, UK (Avebury), 1995.

  New York (Farrar, Straus & Giroux), 1995.  Translated into German as Glück (Berlin:  Berlin Verlag, 1996); into Spanish by Carlos Gardini as Suerte, azard destinoAventuras y desaventuras de la vida cotidiana (Santiago de Chile:  Editorial Andrés Bello, 1997).  Also translated into Japanese and Korean.

Process Metaphysics.
Albany (State University of New York Press), 1995.

Satisfying Reason:  Studies in the Theory of Knowledge.
  Dordrecht (Kluwer), 1995.




Instructive Journey:  An Autobiographical Essay.  Lanham  MD (University Press of America), 1996.

Priceless Knowledge?  An Essay to Economic Limits to Scientific Progress.
  Savage, MD (Rowman and Littlefield), 1996.

Public Concerns:  Philosophical Studies of Social Issues
Lanham, MD (Rowman & Littlefield), 1996.

Studien zur naturwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnislehre
.  Würzburg (Königshausen & Neumann), 1996.




Objectivity:  The Obligations of Impersonal ReasonNotre Dame (University of Notre Dame Press), 1997.

Predicting the Future.
  Albany NY (State University of New York Press), 1997.

Profitable Speculations:  Essays on Current Philosophical Themes
.  Lanham  MD (Rowman & Littlefield), 1997. 




Communicative Pragmatism:  And Other Philosophical Essays on Language.  Lanham MD (Rowman & Littlefield), 1998.

Complexity:  A Philosophical Overview
New Brunswick NJ(Transaction Publishers), 1998.




Kant and the Reach of Reason.  Cambridge (Cambridge University Press), 1999.

Razón y valores en la era cientifico-tecnológica.  Barcelona (Editorial Paidos), 1999.

Realistic Pragmatism:  An Introduction to Pragmatic PhilosophyAlbany (State University of New York Press), 1999.




Inquiry Dynamics.  New Brunswick, NJ (Transaction), 2000.

Nature and Understanding:  A Study of the Metaphysics of Science Oxford  (Clarendon Press), 2000.




Cognitive Pragmatism.  Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 2001.

Minding Matter and Other Essays in Philosophical Inquiry.
Lanham, MD (Rowman & Littlefield), 2001.

  Chicago, Ill. (Open Court Publishing Co.), 2001.

Philosophical Reasoning.
Oxford (Blackwell), 2001.

Process Philosophy:  A Survey of Basic Issues
. Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 2001.




Enlightening Journey: An Autobiographical Essay.  Lanham MD (Lexington Books, 2002).

New Brunswick, NJ (Transaction Publishers), 2002.

Rationalität, Wissenschaft, und Praxis
.  Würzburg (Konigshausen & Neumann), 2002.




Cognitive Idealization:  On the Nature and Utility of Cognitive Ideals. Uxbridge, UK:  (Cambridge Scholars Press) 2003.

Niagara-on-the-Lake as a Confederate Refuge.
  Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada (Niagara Historical Society Museum), 2003.

On Leibniz.
Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press) 2003.

Sensible Decisions  On the Ways and Means of Rational Decision. Totowa, N.J. (Rowman & Littlefield) 2003.

Rationality in Pragmatic Perspective.
Lewiston, N.Y. (Mellen Press) 2003.

Epistemology:  On the Scope and Limits of Knowledge
. Albany NY  (SUNY Press) 2003.

Imagining Irreality:  A Study of Unrealized Possibility.
Chicago, Ill. (Open Court Publishing Co.) 2003.




Value Matters:  Studies in AxiologyFrankfurt (Ontos Verlag), 2004.




Cognitive HarmonyPittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 2005.

Common Sense.
Milwaukee, WI (Marquette University Press) 2005.  [Aquinas Lecture]

Cosmos and Logos: Studies in Greek Philosophy
. Frankfurt (Ontos Verlag), 2005). 

Epistemic Logic.
  Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press) 2005. 

Realism and Pragmatic Epistemology.
  Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh Press), 2005. 

Reason and Reality:  Realism and Idealism in Pragmatic Perspective. Lanham, MD. (Rowman & Littlefield), 2005.

Scholastic Meditations.
Washington, DC (Catholic University of America Press), 2005.

What If?  Thought Experimentation in Philosophy.
  New Brunswick, NJ. (Transaction Books), 2005.




Nicholas Rescher: Collected Papers, 10 vol’s; Frankfurt (Ontos Verlag), 2005: Studies in 20th Century Philosophy, Studies in Pragmatism, Studies in Idealism, Studies in Philosophical Inquiry.  2006: Studies in Cognitive Finitude, Studies in Social Philosophy, Studies in Philosophical Anthropology, Studies in Value Theory, Studies in Metaphilosophy, Studies in the History of Logic.




Metaphysics.  Amherst, N.Y. (Prometheus Books), 2005.

Fondements d’ontologie du procès.  Edited by Michel Weber. Frankfurt (Ontos Verlag), 2006.

Presumption.  Cambridge (Cambridge University Press), 2006.

Boston (MIT Press), 2006.

Philosophical Dialectic: An Essay in Metaphilosophy
.  Albany, NY. (SUNY Press), 2006.

Epistemetrics. Cambridge (Cambridge University Press), 2006.

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