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This section provides a capsule
description of the entire project. It should include a brief statement
of the needs or problem being addressed, the methodology(s) to
be employed in accomplishing the tasks outlined, project goals
or expected outcomes, the time duration, and the approximate cost.
Background/existing base of knowledge
This section should reflect
your scholarship and show evidence of a thorough research of the
topic, including relevant literature search, and reference to external
benchmarks and related measures.
Statement of Need
This is the "why" of the project.
One needs to convince the reader that the problem is real and that
the proposer's rationale and methods will actually enhance the
field, provide the service, or accomplish the stated objectives.
This is the "nitty-gritty" of
the body of the proposal. It should include a reasonably extensive
explanation of the problem, with sufficient technical background,
as appropriate, a statement of objectives, detailed explanation
of the methodology or techniques to be utilized, and evaluation
Dependent upon the sponsor's
preferred format, this may be incorporated within the body of proposal,
submitted as a separate document, or contained within an attachment
or referenced appendix. It should include a definitive line-item
budget for all direct costs, and administrative or indirect costs,
unless prohibited by the sponsor. The extent of individual cost
items should match the scope of the project, reflect real or estimated
cost burdens, and not be padded. Each major cost item should be
accompanied by a narrative explanation of the basis of costs, and
avoid jargon terms. Cost contributions, either "in-kind" or real
dollars, may be required to be explicitly identified by some sponsors.
If a multiple year project, a detailed budget sheet should be provided
for each year, plus a consolidated or summary budget page totaling
all cost categories.
This is required for most institutional
or program applications; this material may be optional or deleted
for some grant requests for individuals or fellowship-type applications.
It should include a brief history and profile of major institutional
characteristics, including its primary mission, operating activities,
audiences, services, etc. Oftentimes accompanied by appendices,
such as Board of Trustee lists, Annual Financial Reports, and related.
Conclusion-Statement of Outcomes
This includes a summary of
the main points of your project narrative, and a restatement or
final reinforcement of the intended project goals or outcomes.
Always follow the sponsor's guidelines, adhering to stated rules regarding format, section length, budget limits, and related.