Despite his great impact on the literary world, Franz Kafka was a relatively
"unknown" author during his life-time. He published relatively few of his
works, and those were published in very limited runs, or in small literary
Franz Kafka born in Prague, July 3, 1883, the son of Hermann and Julie Kafka. The oldest, he had three suriving younger sisters. Valli, Elli, and Ottla. His father was a self-made middle class Jewish merchant, who raised his children in the hopes of assimilating them into the mainstream society of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The official ruling language of the empire was German, so Franz attended German grammar school (Volksschule am Fleischmarkt), and later the German Gymnasium (Altstädter Deutsches Gymnasium). He finished his Doctorate of Law in Prague, studying at the German language University (Die deutsche Universität) there. He initially gained employment at a private insurance firm Assicurazioni Generali and then with the Arbeiter-Unfall-Versicherungs-Anstalt für das Königreichs Böhmen in Prag
His Job at the Worker's Accident Insurance provided him with a steady
income and "regular" office hours, so that he could dedicate his evenings
to writing. His diaries contain continuing accounts of his restlessness
and sleeplessness as he would work all night writing, only to return to
the office for the next day of work, throughly exhausted.
He is known to have started writing at an early age, but all of his earliest attempts were later destroyed. His first pulished work came in 1907, and he continued to publish throughout the next seventeen years, but most of his works were published posthumously by his friend Max Brod.
Kafka's relationship to his father dominates all discussions of both his life and his work. See his Brief an den Vater to get a feel for the relationship between the thin, intellectual, and awkward Franz, and the robust, loud, and corporal Father. The ideas of "father" and "family" permeate the fabric of many of Kafka's texts, either directly as in Das Urteil or Die Verwandlung or more abstractly as in the cases of his two novels Der Proceß and Das Schloß (which remained unpublished during his lifetime).
Other Kafka-biography on the 'Net:
Kafka Biographie language: German
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last updated: 02 April 1997