|1||31 August||Introduction||The Three Principal Problems of Philosophy of Modern Physics and the ensuing survey of recent literature.||Norton|
|2||7 September||Philosophy of Space and Time, Symmetries and Gauges
The principle of relativity; the relativity of acceleration in Newtonian cosmology
Gauge freedoms: Newtonian gravitation theory and classical electrodynamics
Norton, J. D. "The Force of Newtonian Cosmology: Acceleration is Relative" Philosophy of Science, 62 (1995), pp.511-22. Download.
Handout on gauge freedoms
The hole argument
||Norton, J. D. "The Hole Argument," Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/spacetime-holearg/||Norton|
|3||14 September||Bohm Aharonov Effect||Healey, R. "Nonlocality and the Aharonov-Bohm Effect,"Philosophy of Science, 64(1997), pp. 18-41. STARTED...||Sam Thomsen|
|4||21 September ( to be completed September 28)||Bohm Aharonov Effect||Healey, R. "Nonlocality and the Aharonov-Bohm Effect,"Philosophy of Science, 64(1997), pp. 18-41.||Sam Thomsen|
|4||21 September||Bohm Aharonov Effect: Generated from first principles||Healey, R. "Nonlocality and the Aharonov-Bohm Effect,"Philosophy of Science, 64(1997), pp. 18-41; Section 2. Handout.||Norton|
|5||28 September||Bohm Aharonov Effect||Ponder and bring written answers to these questions:
What precisely is in need of explanation in the Bohm-Aharanov effect?
What does it take to explain things like this?
What examples are there of this sort of explanation?
|5-6||28 September - 5 October||Bohm Aharonov Effect||
Batterman, R. "Falling cats, parallel parking, and polarized light", Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 34 (2003), pp. 527-57.
|6||5 October||Bohm Aharonov Effect||Nounou, A. M. "A fourth way to the Aharonov-Bohm Effect." Ch. 10 in K. Brading and E. Castellani, eds., Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. Cambridge University Press, 2003.||Benny Goldberg--briefly|
|6||5 October||Bohm Aharonov Effect||
Healey, R. "On the Reality of Gauge Potentials," Philosophy of Science, 68 (2001), pp. 432-55.
|7||12 October||Deeper Reflections on Gauge||Redhead, M. "The Interpretation of Gauge Symmetry," Ch. 7 in K. Brading and E. Castellani, eds., Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. Cambridge University Press, 2003.||Alexandre Guay|
|8||19 October||How to use mathematical structures to represent physical systems.||Norton, J. D. "Geometries in Collision: Einstein, Klein and Riemann." in J. Gray, ed., The Symbolic Universe. Oxford University Press, pp.128-144. Download||Norton|
|8||19 October (completed November 2)||The exploitation of the notion of symmetry and intertransformability in general philosophy of science.||Ismael, J. and Van Fraassen, B. "Symmetry as a Guide to Superfluous Theoretical Structure," Ch. 23 in K. Brading and E. Castellani, eds., Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. Cambridge University Press, 2003.||Balazs Gyenis|
|9||26 October (Completed briefly on 2 November)||Einstein and the vexed problem of whether general relativity extends the principle of relativity to acceleration.|| Norton, J. D. "Did Einstein Stumble: The Debate over General Covariance," Erkenntnis, 42 (1995) , pp.223-245; volume reprinted as Reflections on Spacetime: Foundations, Philosophy, History. U. Maier and H,-J Schmidt (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1995.
For background: Norton, J. "General Covariance and the Foundations of General Relativity: Eight Decades of Dispute," Reports on Progress in Physics, 56 (1993) , pp.791-858. Download.
|10||2 November||How to use mathematical structures to represent physical systems.||Norton, J. D. "The Formal Equivalence of Grue and Green and How It Undoes the New Riddle of Induction." Synthese, forthcoming. Download||Norton|
|11||9 November||Philosophy of statistical physics.
The classic problems: the recurrence objection and the reversibility objection (and more).
|L. Sklar, "The Introduction of Probability into Physics," Ch. 3 in Philosophy of Physics.Westview. Start reading at p.109.||Norton|
|12||16 November||Essay proposals due.|
|12||16 November||Asymmetry of time||Brown, H. R. and Uffink, J. "The Origins of Time-Asymmetry in Thermodynamics: The Minus First Law," Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 32 (2001), pp. 525-38.||Jos Uffink|
|Thursday 18 Nov. - Saturday 20 Nov. PSA, Austin, Texas.|
|13||23 November||Phase transitions: how it is done in statistical physics||J. M. Yeomans, Statistal Mechanics of Phase Transitions, Clarendon, 1992. Ch. 1 Introduction. (For your information I also have Ch. 8 The Renormalization Group since it is the basis of the development I'll give in class. It probably cannot be read independently.)
A nice simulation of a 2D Ising model.
|13||23 November||Asymptotic explanation and the renormalization group.||"Asymptotic Explanation," pp. 37-44 of Chapter 4 in R. W. Batterman, The Devil in the Details. Oxford University Press, 2002.
|Wednesday 24 Nov. - Sunday 28 Nov. Thanksgiving recess|
|14||November 30||Phase transitions and the thermodynamic limit.||Callender, C. "Taking Thermodynamics Too Seriously," Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 32 (2001), pp. 501-635.
Batterman, Robert (2004) "Critical Phenomena and Breaking Drops: Infinite Idealizations in Physics." Download from philsci-archive
|Michael Tamir and Michael Reed|
|15||7 December||Platonism in mathematical physics.||
Wigner, E., "The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences", Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics, 13 (1960), pp. 1-14.
Related paper by Dirac.
|15||7 December||Platonism in mathematical physics.||Dirac, P. A. M., "The Relationship Between Mathematics and Physics," (1939) in Collected Works of P. A. M. Dirac: 1924-48 R. H. Dalitz, ed., Cambridge University Press, 1995. Download||Holly Andersen|
|15||7 December||Platonism in mathematical physics.||Davey, K. "Unreasonable Effectiveness: Historical/Aesthetic" and "Unreasonable Effectiveness: Descriptive" Chs. 7-8 in Problems in Applying Mathematics: On the Inferential and Representational Limits of Mathematicsin Physics. PhD. Dissertation, Dept. of Philosophy, University of Pittsburgh, 2003. http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-10292003-081734/||Feisal Ben Hassel|
|Noon, Thursday 16 December. Essay due in 1017CL.|