HPS 2501/Phil 2600      Philosophy of Science      Fall 2014

Schedule of Readings

Back to course documents.

Week Date Topic/Reading Event Presented by
1 Aug. 27 Introduction to the seminar Norton
    Does Fine-tuning require a fine-tuner?  
1 Aug. 27 Robin Collins, "The Fine-Tuning Argument: A Scientific Argument for the Existence of God."
Victor J. Stenger, "Is the Universe Fine Tuned for Us?"
in Young, Matt; Edis, Taner, Why Intelligent Design Fails: A Scientific Critique of the New Creationism, Rutgers University Press, pp. 172-184
Norton
2 Sep. 3 Warm up exercise due before class.  
2 Sep. 3 Discussion: Does Fine-tuning require a fine-tuner? All
    The Structure of Theories  
2 Sep. 3 Carl G. Hempel, "Empirical Criteria of Cognitive Significance: Problems and Changes,"
Ch. 4 in Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science. New York: Macmillan, 1965
Norton
notes
3 Sep. 10 Bas C. Van Fraasen, "To Save the Phenomena,"
Ch. 3 in The Scientific Image. Oxford: Clarendon, 1980.
Zina Ward
    Analogical Models  
3 Sep. 10 Ludwig Boltzman, "Model," Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911. Transcribed version. Josh Fry
3 Sep. 10 Ron Giere, "How Models are used to Represent Reality," Philosophy of Science, 71 (2004) pp. 742–752. Aydin Mohseni
    Idealizations  
4 Sep. 17 Ernan McMullin, "Galilean Idealization," Studies in History and Philosophy of Science,16 (1985),pp. 247-273. Shahin Kaveh
4 Sep. 17 Michael Weisberg, “Three Kinds of Idealization,” The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 104, No. 12 (Dec.), 639-659. Aydin Mohseni
    Representation  
4 Sep. 17 Partial isomorphism.
Steven French (2003), "A Model-Theoretic Account of Representation (Or, I Don't Know Much About Art ... But I Know It Involves Isomorphism)," Philosophy of Science, 70 (5), pp. 1472 - 1483.
Siska De Baerdemaeker
5 Sep.24 Inferential account.
Suárez, Mauricio (2004). "An Inferential Conception of Scientific Representation," Philosophy of Science, 71, pp. 767–779.
Leo Mollica
5 Sep. 24 Denotational account.
Callender, Craig and Jonathan Cohen (2006). "There is No Problem of Scientific Representation," Theoria 55, pp. 67–85.
Shahin Kaveh
    Inductive Inference  
5 Sep. 24 John D. Norton, "A Little Survey of Induction,"
in P. Achinstein, ed., Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories and Applications. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005. pp. 9-34.
Norton
notes
6 Oct. 1 John D. Norton, "Hempel's Satisfaction Criterion of Confirmation" pp.66-82 in A Survey of Inductive Generalization Manuscript. Norton
notes
6 Oct. 1 Peter Lipton, "Inference to the Best Explanation," in W.H. Newton-Smith (ed) A Companion to the Philosophy of Science, Blackwell, 2000, pp. 184-193. Josh Fry
  Bayesian Confirmation Theory  
6 Oct. 1 Joyce, James, "Bayes' Theorem", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Aydin Mohseni
7 Oct. 8 Colin Howson and Peter Urbach, "Bayesian vs Non-Bayesian Approaches to Confirmation,"
Reprinted from Scientific Reasoning: The Bayesian Approach.
Addendum Oct. 6: Earlier versions of this page gave the wrong link for this chapter. Apologies for confusion.
Josh Fry
Falsificationism and the Demarcation of Science.
7 Tues. Oct. 8 Wesley Salmon, "Rational Prediction," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 32 (1981), pp. 115-25.
Background: Karl Popper, "Science: Conjectures and Refutations"
Sections I-III only, pp. 33-41 in Conjectures and Refutations. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1963.
Siska De Baerdemaeker
7 Tues. Oct. 8 Larry Laudan, "The Demise of the Demarcation Problem," in Physics, philosophy, and psychoanalysis: essays in honor of Adolf Grünbaum. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. 76, Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1983, pp. 111–127. Aeyaz Kayani
Problems of Induction
8 Oct. 15 N. Goodman, "The New Riddle of Induction,"
Ch. III in Fact, Fiction and Forecast. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983.
(Background: John D. Norton, "The Formal Equivalence of Grue and Green and How It Undoes the New Riddle of Induction." Synthese, (2006) 150: 185-207.)
Aeyaz Kayani
8 Oct. 15 John D. Norton, "Must Evidence Underdetermine Theories?"
in The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice: Science and Values Revisited, M. Carrier, D. Howard and J. Kourany, eds., Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2008, pp. 17-44. Read.
Norton
slides
    Explanation  
8 Oct. 15 DN, DS, IS and SR models of explanation.
Wesley C. Salmon,"Scientific Explanation,"
pp. 7-41 of Ch. 1 in in Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. M. Salmon (Ed.), Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Kasey Genin
9 Oct. 22 Paul W. Humphreys, "Scientific Explanation: The Causes, Some of the Causes, and Nothing But the Causes" in P. Kitcher and W. C. Salmlon, eds., Scientific Explanation: Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. XIII. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989., Zena Ward
9 Oct. 22 Philip Kitcher, "Explanation as Unificiation," Section 4 (pp. 430-48) of "Explanatory Unification and the Causal Structure of the World," in P. Kitcher and W. C. Salmlon, eds., Scientific Explanation: Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. XIII. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989. Leo Mollica
    Realism and AntiRealism  
9 Oct. 22 Bas C. Van Frassen, "Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism,"
Ch. 2, pp. 7-40 in The Scientific Image. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.
Aeyaz Kayani
10 Oct. 29 Larry Laudan, "A Confutation of Convergent Realism," Philosophy of Science, 48, (1981), pp. 19-49.
Shahin Kaveh
10 Oct. 29 Steven French, “Structure as a Weapon of the Realist.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 106 (2006), pp.1–19. Kasey Genin
Causation
10 Oct. 29 David Lewis, "Causation," Journal of Philosophy, 70(1973) pp. 556–567. Siska De Baerdemaeker
11 Nov. 5

James Woodward, “Causation with a Human Face” in Price, H. and Corry, R. (eds.) Causation, Physics, and the Constitution of Reality: Russell's Republic Revisited. Oxford: Oxford University Press,2007, pp. 66–105.

Kasey Genin
    Reduction and Emergence  
11 Nov. 5 Ernest Nagel, "Reduction of Theories," (Reduction: pp.336-366 only)
Ch. 11 in The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation. New York: Harcour, Brace and World, 1962.
Josh Fry
11 Nov. 5 J. A. Fodor, "Special Sciences (Or: The Disunity of Science as a Working Hypothesis),"
Synthese, 28 (1974), pp. 97-115.
Leo Mollica
    PSA 2014 Chicago Thurs. Nov. 6 - Sun Nov. 9  
12 Nov. 12 Elliott Sober, "The Multiple Realizability Argument Against Reductionism," Philosophy of Science 66(1999), pp. 542-564. Aydin Mohseni
12 Nov. 12 Robert Batterman, 2000, "Multiple Realization and Universality" British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. 51, pp. 115-145. Siska De Baerdemaeker
12 Nov. 12 Paul Humphreys, "Computational and Conceptual Emergence,"
Philosophy of Science, 75 (2008), pp. 584-594.
Aeyaz Kayani
    Experiment  
13 Nov. 19 Allan Franklin, "Experiment in Physics",
The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
This is a long article. Concentrate on Section 1. Experimental Results, which includes a positive epistemology of experiment.
Shahin Kaveh
13 Nov. 19 Wendy Parker, "Does Matter Really Matter? Computer Simulations, Experiments, and Materiality"
Synthese, 169 (2009) pp. 483-496.
Zina Ward
13 Nov. 19 John D. Norton, "Replicability of Experiment" Draft book chapter. Norton
slides
  Nov. 26 Thanksgiving Recess.  
Values in Science
14 Dec. 3 Thomas S. Kuhn "Objectivity, Value Judgment, and Theory Choice,"
Ch. 13, pp. 320-339 in The Essential Tension. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.
Gong Wang
14 Dec. 3 Heather Douglas, “The Value of Cognitive Values,” Philosophy of Science (2013),
vol. 80, pp. 796-806.
Zina Ward
Dec. 10 Comprehensive Exam (HPS PhD Program only)