Arnolfo di Cambio: Original Plan for S. Maria del Fiore, Florence, with Gothic cupola; Florence Cathedral Today; Plan; Toker Excavation; Plan today; interior view; interior; capitals

Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446): Dome (cupola) for Cathedral of S. Maria del Fiore, Florence, 1420-36: exterior; cutaway diagram

Brunelleschi: Pazzi Chapel at S. Croce, Florence, 1429-61: exterior; interior

Brunelleschi: S. Spirito, Florence, designed 1434, begun 1444 to the 1470s: hypothetical reconstruction of original project; hypothetical reconstruction of modular units in original plan; side aisle

Leonbattista Alberti: Ten Books on Architecture, ca. 1450, published 1470s

Alberti: S. Andrea, Mantua, 1472--18th century: plan; exterior; interior; detail side chapels

Filarete's treatise on architecture, ca. 1462 (unpublished until modern times): buildings for the ideal city of Sforzinda

Leonardo da Vinci: Architectural sketchbooks from Milan, 1480s and 1490s: detail, represention of a church interior in antiperspectival rendering

Donato Bramante: S. Maria presso S. Satiro, Milan, c. 1485

Bramante: Tempietto of S. Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502++: reconstructed plan and section as intended to be built

Donato Bramante and others: New St. Peter's, Rome, founded 1506: fragment of proposed plan; reconstruction of proposed plan; views of construction underway

Bramante: Belvedere Palace, the Vatican, 1505: exterior view

Raphael: School of Athens , fresco in papal apartments, the Vatican, 1509

Michelangelo Buonarotti (1475-1564): substitute plan for St. Peter's, 1546, built through 1590: plan (compare Antonio Sangallo's proposed substitute plan); exterior view, interior views, as modified after Michelangelo

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