EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE



Map of the Early Christian World





King Herod's temple, Jerusalem, Israel: successor to King Solomon's temple: reconstruction before destruction in 70 AD; same site with the Dome of the Rock on same terrace; Jews continue to worship at the Western Wall of the temple terrace today.




Synagogue, Dura Europos, Syria, about 230 AD: plan; west wall with Torah (Bible) niche and frescoes, today in National Museum, Damascus





Christian house-church, Dura Europos, Syria, 230 AD: plan; cutaway reconstruction; the baptistery: compare this house with the House of the Vettii at Pompeii, ca. 70 AD






[Old] St. Peter's basilica, Rome, c. 324--possibly 319--to 335: exterior reconstruction; reconstructed cutaway of basilica and atrium; interior reconstruction; reconstructed plans; reconstructed interior view, painted while some of St. Peter's was still standing



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